One of the most picturesque castles in Slovenia, Predjama Castle is built into an overhanging rock in front of a karst cave hall that is connected with a cave system underneath the castle. It is situated just a a few kilometres from the entrance to the Postojna Cave. The castle is now a museum on five floors that shows the life in the 16th century, with an armoury, dungeon, halls, living quarters and other castle facilities. Interesting is the dialogue between man-made architecture and natural structures that combine into the castle’s fortification system.
The castle became known as the seat of the knight Erazem Lueger (or Luegger), lord of the castle in the 15th century and a renowned robber baron. He was the son of the Imperial Governor of Trieste, Nikolaj Lueger.
The position of the castle on a 123-metre-high cliff just above the ponor of the Lokev brook displays its mightiness and importance throughout its diverse and lively history. Below and behind the castle there is an interesting intertwinement of karst caves, which are party arranged for a tourist visit. Visitors can embark on an unforgettable adventure in the underground, where they will observe the creations of nature intertwined with several unforgettable legends and stories that developed in the area throughout centuries.
Every year in the summer time the Erazem Medieaval Tournament is organised and carried out according to documented historic facts and models from the 16th century. This international mediaeval event involves several different classes and generations – nobles, serfs, and children. Bold knights – archers, swordsmen and horsemen – show off their skills on the Field of Combat. In the Knights’ Camp, swordsmen introduce themselves, their equipment and their mediaeval way of life. Merchants and craftsmen sell mediaeval products, flag throwers, belly dancers, magicians, puppet shows, musicians and other performers display their talents and re-enact historical events. A peasant festivity known as gauda is organised and tasty mediaeval food is prepared.
In front of the Chapel of Our Lady of Sorrows, we find the linden tree of Erazem (Erazem of Predjama was the most famous owner of the Predjama Castle), known by its respectable age and hollow trunk. According to legend, the linden tree was planted on Erazem’s grave by his mistress. Close to Erazem’s linden tree is Erazem’s market, where visitors can buy local products and souvenirs.
Close to the Predjama Castle, there is an inn with accommodation.
Predjama 1, Postojna
+386 (0)5 7000 100
+368 (0)5 7516 066
MUSEUM COLLECTIONS STARA DAMA
Museum in Predjama is a new museum with two collections – hunting and First World War collection, with an emphasis on the Isonzo front. In a renovated house with a beautiful rustic architecture is also well decorated store with exclusively local products and small winery.
The First World War began on 28th July 1914 and lasted till 11th November 1918. After the conflict on Balkans among Austria-Hungary and Serbia spread into the war of world extensions all main empires of that time and their allies got involved in the hostilities. Already many years before the war two opposite sides were established, Triple Entente and Central Powers, and they competed for economic, political, military and colonial domination in Europe and in the world. The Entente was an alliance among France, Russia and Great Britain whilst the Central Powers consisted of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy. Later on the Entente was joined by Japan, Italy, Rumania, Greece and USA whilst the Central Powers by Turkey and Bulgaria.
The way of fighting and the new weapons caused that the soldiers were dying in masses in the position combats which were not bringing the bigger front movements and in the same time also the civil population suffered a lot. The casualties of soldiers and civilians are estimated to exceed 37 million of dead, wounded and missing soldiers and among these 10 million soldiers and 7 million civilians died.
After the association of Italy to the Triple Entente and its war declaration to Austria-Hungary on 23rd May 1915 about 600 Km long South-Western Front was formed. Its eastern part was Isonzo Front between Rombon and Adriatic Sea in the length of about 90 Km. In twenty nine months of fights, from May 1915 till October 1918, 12 offensives took place here, eleven Italian but the last one, the twelfth, was effected in common by German and Austro-Hungarian armies with the successful breakthrough at Kobarid and the retreat of Italian army to new positions on river Piave. According to the estimations about 300.000 soldiers and the big number of civil population died on Isonzo Front on both sides.
During the First World War Postojna was till the movement of front line to the river Piave important military center where Svetozar Boroević von Bojna, commander of Isonzo Army, had his headquarters.
The collection consists of exhibits which originate mostly from the territory of Isonzo Front and are the fruits of many years’ collecting.
MUSEUM COLLECTIONS STARA DAMA
+386 (0)41 730 690
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